A logo alone is not a brand!
Top of mind awareness
Have you ever wondered why some brand names are synonymous to their product or service category? Have you also wondered as to why some brand names come first in your mind when you are thinking or considering a certain product or service category? Go ahead; pick a category ranging in products say from copiers to phones? Which brand names come first in your mind? Why did that particular brand come to your mind? It is so because those companies who own their brand name have a purposeful branding strategy and have committed significant resources to ensure that their branding achieves top of mind awareness from their existing and potential customers. I will discuss later, as to why this is critical.
A log or a company name is not branding!
Most SMEs owners or small business managers think of branding as a fluffy, useless stuff and sheer waste of time and money. This is a fallacy that they must correct immediately. If the strategic intent of a business is to grow and sustain, that business will have to think of branding more seriously than how most are approaching it today. This chapter is not a discussion as to the advertising or communications tactics and media used to communicate. There are enough books and blogs written on this. The choice of media and the amount you spend depends on your company’s financial resources. Branding is a lot more than just about communications through different media.
So, what is a brand?
Whether you know it or not, almost every product, service, business, public personality, and company has been branded.
Many small businesses and (large company executives too) use the terms visual identity, corporate identity, brand identity, and branding interchangeably, branding is a broader marketing effort than visual identity since it often involves naming, communications and advertising, and promotion.
Many think of a brand as a logo, proprietary name for a product, service, or group; however, in reality, a brand is the sum total of all characteristics and assets of a brand name product, service, or group that differentiates it from the competition, as well as the perception of the brand by the public.
In other words, there are several key components of an overarching branding effort or program, beginning with a logo and visual identity through interactive experiences, package design, corporate communications, promotional design, and advertising.
A brand is the essence of your small business. It encapsulates your core products and services, your reputation and the total experience promise you make to your customers. The brand personifies the perceived value of your propositions versus your competitors. It is the image that you portray to the outside world – not just your customers but all your stakeholders including your employees, suppliers, partners and funders.
A brand is also the mind share that you occupy in your customers’ minds based on the totality of the experience that they have experienced with your company, across all or any touch points. These touch points are not just the obvious marketing collateral, business cards and press releases. It could range from how they get to know about your business and propositions, to whom, how and where they interacted to buy the products or service to using the product or service and so forth.
In essence, the brand is also the personality and soul of your company by which your employees are hired to how your customers perceive you. It is NOT just the soul and personality but also your company’s philosophy by which you think, define, prospect, interact and serve your customers.
Before I start on the purpose of branding, we there are a few definitions that you must be aware of:
- A brand is a unique or proprietary name for a business, product, or service. It is the totality of all characteristics and assets of a brand name product, service, or group that helps customers differentiate your small business from your competitors, as well as your customers and the general public’s perception of your brand.
- Brandingis not brand strategy but is the development and the execution process of creating a brand, brand name, and visual identity for all your internal and external communications and touch points.
- A brand strategy is the concept, framework and plan providing guidelines for all your internal and external brand executions across all touch points.
- A brand experience is the experience of ALL your stakeholders and not just your customers at every touch point through which a stakeholder (customers, employees, suppliers, partners and shareholders and lenders) comes into contact with your brand or company.
What is brand strategy?
A brand strategy defines the brands personality and promise. The brand enables and differentiates your company through your brand positioning.
Your small business brand strategy is the core strategic underpinning of branding, uniting all planning for every visual and verbal application.
The brand strategy defines the brands personality and promise. The brand strategy also codifies the brand essence of your small business and tactical execution and implementation within your company.
The brand design makes the strategy real and alive and gives brands their distinctive look and feel. The brand strategy will help your small business brand to identify and communicate a core value, quality or differentiator that can become the construct or position, for SME brands to own against its competitors.
In other words, the small business brand strategy is how you are formulating, defining, conceiving, creating, and positioning your brand in the marketplace to achieve differentiation, relevance, engagement, and resonance with your current and potential customers and all your stakeholders.
Branding helps your customers to spontaneously recall your company or helps your customers to recognize that you exist.
A consistent brand strategy will help your SME to create a brand in the minds of your customers through your customers’ experiences across all your touch points. The intentional customer experience has to be defined and be consistent for your customers to create your brand in their minds.
A brand strategy helps your SME business to express its promise in the simplest, most single-minded terms. For example, Ritz Carlton = Excellence in service, Mercedes Benz – German engineering quality However, it is not something that is whimsical as it has to be rooted in a core customer need.
Your brand strategy will help your small business customers to attribute or give your brand human personality traits such as fun, warmth, innovative, cool, etc.). This perceived personality of your brand by your customers is how you differentiate in the minds of your customers. Brand personality does not happen overnight. You as a small business owner should have a long term view as to how you want your brand to be perceived by your customers. These personality traits will inform the brand behavior through all your external and internal communications, packaging etc., and through the people who represent your small business brand – you and your employees.
A purposeful brand strategy will ensure that all your products and services, especially if you have a broad range of services or products will have a consistent name, visual identity and, ideally, positioning across all the markets that you operate in..
A purposeful brand strategy will define the outward expression of your small business brand, including your small business name and visual appearance. This is important as the brand’s identity is its fundamental means for your customers to recognize your brand. A consistent visual identity will help your small business brand to differentiate from your competitors.
A consistent branding derived from a deliberate brand strategy will derive a consistent net “out-take” of your brand for your customers. This image is derived based on the experiences of your products or services and are informed impressions as to how well your small business meets your customers’ expectations. For potential customers your small business brand’s image in their minds will be based upon uninformed impressions, attitudes and beliefs.
A purposeful brand strategy helps you to have a distinctive position in your market place to enable your customers in your target market to identify and differentiate your small business brand. Positioning doesn’t just involve the logos or other visual identities alone, but involves leveraging and the careful manipulation of every element of the marketing mix, to deliver a superior and differentiated proposition to your customers.
A purposeful brand strategy will help you define and design the code by which your small business brand lives. The brand values act as a benchmark to hire, measure behaviors and overall performance.
A brand strategy helps your small business to define its brand architecture. In other words it helps your business to determine how it structures and names the brands within its portfolio. This is important for a small business owner or investor having a diverse portfolio of goods, services or businesses. There are three main types of brand architecture systems:
- Monolithic – where the group name is used on all products and services offered by your holding company.
- Endorsed - where all sub-brands are linked to your group brand by means of either a verbal or visual endorsement.
- Freestanding – where the group brand operates merely as a holding company, and each product or service is individually branded for its target mar
A brand strategy encompasses your customers’ feelings, beliefs and knowledge that existing and potential customers have about your SME brand. These positive (or negative) associations are derived as the sum total of all their experiences across all touch points. These experiences must be consistent with the brand positioning and the basis of differentiation.
A structured, well defined and purposeful brand strategy will increase the commitment of your customers to your propositions in the market. If your customers’ commitment to your brand is high, the propensity for repurchase and or reuse is very high. The level of commitment indicates the vulnerability of your SME brand and is a good indicator of the probability of poaching of your customers by your competitors.
Value or equity
Having a purposeful brand strategy will increase the long term value of your small business through the increased brand equity derived from the sum of all distinguishing qualities of a brand, drawn from all relevant stakeholders. This will facilitate personal commitment from you and demand of you for the brand; these differentiating thoughts and feelings make the brand valued and valuable and therefore your small business more valuable.
A consistent, structured and purposeful brand strategy will help your small business to leverage the equity and values of the brand to take the brand into new business opportunities, partnerships and newer markets/sectors.
Notes on naming a brand – What it is and what are the considerations when naming a brand
- A brand name is the verbal identity of your small business—a proprietary name—and coupled with a tagline or descriptor, it becomes the verbal signature.
- Without question, the brand name is the main point of reference to your business and is the main verbal marketing tool.
- Naming your small business brand involves many important considerations.
- What does the name mean to your employees and customers?
- What type of spirit or personality should it convey to all your stakeholder?
- How will people react to it?
- What does the name mean in a specific language across cultures?
- There are several categories of name types that are more or less appropriate for any small business brand.
- Founder’s name: named for the company’s founder(s)
- Explanatory: named to best explain or describe the product or service
- Expressive or Invented: names that are constructed to have a certain panache or sound
- Allegorical or Symbolic: names that express their nature through an allusion to an allegory or a symbol
- Acronym: a brand name formed from the initials or other parts of several names or words
- There are many ways to make your small business brand name effective. They can be:
- Legally owned
Considerations for design development
- Based on the strategy, name, and construct for your small business brand, the visualization and composition begins during design development. You as the small business owner will need to consider brand differentiation, brand promise, and branding applications and media.
Differentiation through look and feel
- As part of the design solution, your small business brand’s unique personality is established and communicated through its “look and feel,” and expressed through the particulars of the visualization and composition, including
- color palette
- characteristics and qualities of lines, shapes, and textures
- and any other visual elements
- The brand look and feel is a visual “attitude” that differentiates your small business brand from the competition, making it unique, distinctive, memorable, and relevant to its audience.
- Your small business brands look and feel should define its individual character, and be synonymous with your brand, and should not be in any way be generic, and should definitely not look like your competitors look and feel..
Reiteration of branding and differentiation
Equity – Not only does branding distinguish your small business, it builds equity, and therefore the value of your company.
Mind share – You have to differentiate your products and services in the minds of your customers. This is imperative in a glutted and highly competitive market.
Product parity – Very few small business products and services offer unique benefits, and often offer similar or identical functions as their competitors. Branding helps to differentiate in markets where parity of products and services exist.
Verbal differentiators – An optimal branding differentiates your small business brand by offering two main verbal differentiators – the brand name which should be proprietary to your small business and a tagline, a slogan or short distinctive phrase.
Visual identifier – I don’t mean to make light of the importance of your logo as it is one of the key visual identifiers Vis a Vis your competitors, for your small business
Quality – Branding helps you preempt your competitors by claiming ownership of or a benefit of a quality by establishing your small business brand in your customers mind as the primary possessor of that quality; in other words, it is the positioning of your small business brand in the market place against the competition. A structured branding approach enables your small business to “claim” ownership of a benefit or quality before anyone else does. However you will have to express that construct through the visual and verbal identity.
In other words, branding is not fluffy, useless stuff but rather it helps you’re your small business to differentiate your products and services in a crowded brand world.
Your small business can build a strong brand if you can build loyalty among your customers. To build loyalty, your customers have to be aware of your brand. To claim top of mind awareness, you must differentiate your brand with a distinct visual and verbal identity. Your communications across all touch points has to be relevant to the target market. Your small business will have to define the intentional customer experience across all touch points with a clear understanding of how your customers’ relationship with your brand can develop, from basic awareness to intense loyalty. Identifying where your customers are on this “journey to loyalty” is a crucial first step toward developing an effective marketing of your small business.
To build a stronger brand, you need to know much more than the size and shape of your market and customer base. You need to understand how well your brand is performing in terms of winning loyalty. You need to identify and track the competitive strengths and weaknesses that may be helping or hindering your brand in the battle for increased loyalty. In other words the experience of your customers and all your stakeholders across all touch points is the brand. It certainly is not just about your logos and collaterals.
I want to leave you with 3 memorable quotes that succinctly puts brand strategy and branding in perspective. At least it did for me.
“If you don’t get noticed, you don’t have anything. You just have to be noticed, but the art is in getting noticed naturally, without screaming or without tricks.”
“Success means never letting the competition define you. Instead you have to define yourself based on a point of view you care deeply about.”
Tom Chappell, Tom’s Of Maine
“A brand for the company is like a reputation for a person. You earn reputation by trying to do hard things well.”
Indeed the experience is the brand and the brand is the experience!